LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS WHANGAREIScenic setting: There are some great views in WhangareiPre-match jaunt – Bream Head/Te Whara trackThis track follows an ancient Maori trail from Urquharts Bay to Ocean Beach. The track climbs Mount Lion to the ridge line and becomes undulating and easy going. It eventually intersects with the Peach Cove track and climbs to the Te Whara/Bream Head summit. From the summit the track heads down to Ocean Beach and passes a World War Two naval radar station. Dropkick the hangover – AH Reed Kauri ParkThis remnant of original Kauri Forest contains a waterfall, walking tracks and a spectacular tree-top boardwalk. This bush is a magnificent remnant of the original Kauri Forests which were once extensive throughout Northland. The park features a canopy walkway giving a birds-eye view of the forest, including two 500-year-old kauri trees. The walkway has been designed to provide access for wheelchairs and there are several other walkways within the park.
I felt obliged to be as good as I could for the school, never mind myself. It was a very professional environment. From an early age I’d be doing fitness on a Monday and I thrived.I enjoyed doing the extra bits and still do now. I’d go home and work on my kicking and passing with my dad.The best two years I had were when I signed for Sale with some people from my school – Matt Parr, Andy Kyriacou and Warren Spragg – and we moved in together. You’re with your best mates playing rugby every day.I love Sale to bits but I felt there was something more in me and I’ve been proved right by last year’s move to Saracens.The move has worked out well but it was a huge change, especially with a little girl, Matilda. My wife, Lyndsey, who has just had our second child, Freddie, has been a huge support.The world cup has been thoroughly enjoyable on and off the field, even though I suffered massive peer pressure to do a bungee swing in Queenstown. I was petrified but finally told the guy running it just to push me off, as I knew I wouldn’t be able to make the jump myself!DID YOU KNOW?Wigglesworth is a passionate golfer. His family own a course and he’d like to have a single-figure handicapThis article appeared in the November 2011 issue of Rugby World Magazine.Find a newsagent that sells Rugby World in the UK. Or you may prefer the digital edition on your MAC, PC, or iPad. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Would you like to sign up to Rugby World’s excellent weekly email newsletter? Click here.For Back Issues Contact John Denton Services at 01733-385-170 visit The left-handed Wigglesworth spent a long time learning how to pass of his right handNationality: EnglishAge: 28 (9 June 1983)Position: Scrum-halfBorn: BlackpoolRichard Wigglesworth is one of three scrum-halves England took to New Zealand as part of their World Cup squad. Here the Saracen takes us through his rugby journey…My hero is my father, Peter. He had a heart transplant years ago and is still going strong. My rugby career is down to him too. He discovered how good rugby was socially and physically when he started playing later on in his life, so he wanted that for his son too, tied in with going to a good school.Growing up in Blackpool, on a farm, I was made on football but my dad was keen for me to do different things, and rugby was one of those. I was annoyed when he first sent me to a rugby school, Kirkham Grammar, at 11. I wanted to go to a football school like the rest of my mates, but I soon learned to love the sport.I’m thankful for my dad’s judgement, as I wouldn’t have made the World Cup without him. I’m proof that you don’t need to play rugby all your life to make it as a professional and play for England.I headed straight for the rugby team on my first day of school. No one knew what was going on and in the trial I gave it a good go, dodged a few people and I was in the team. I thought, ‘What’s going on?!’I never stopped – all I was interested in was sport. I’d play football on Sunday mornings and rugby on Sunday afternoons and loved it.My break came in the club system as from school I got my chance at Fylde and later at Preston Grasshoppers, aged 16. Until then I was playing just for enjoyment, but then I began to think I had an outside chance of making a career of the game.I got a taste of England when called up for a couple of development days. That made me think I could give this sport a go. I looked around and thought, ‘I’m as good as anyone here’.Two coaches were critical in my move from outside-half to scrum-half, Brian Gornall and Aled Trenhaile at Kirkham. I didn’t really grow until I was 18 and I think that was part of the reason for switching me to No 9.From the start my passing was dominant off my left hand because I’m left-handed. So the process of changing positions meant I had to learn how to pass like a scrum-half off my right hand.My work ethic comes from my dad. He was a farmer and has worked all his life. Some of his work ethic must have rubbed off as I’d spend half my lunchtimes between the ages of 16 and 17 in the gym at Kirkham passing, passing and passing some more. That’s when something clicked.
The Aviva Premiership season is almost upon us and more scrutiny than most will centre on Todd Blackadder’s start at Bath If you can work out what the next number in this sequence is then you should probably get a job writing a horoscope column in a newspaper or apply for a maths professorship at Oxbridge.It is 8, 3, 4, 4, 4, 8, 7, 5, 2, 9 and each figure denotes where Bath have finished in the regular season of the Premiership over the last 10 seasons.That is the same Bath who won six league titles between 1989 and 1996, won 10 domestic cups and were Kings of Europe in 1998 after their heart stopping win over Brive in Bordeaux.Since that they have won nothing at first team level, apart from the European Challenge Cup in 2008, which is a pretty poor return for the club that gave us Jeremy Guscott, John Hall, Roger Spurrell, Andy Robinson and the rest of them.Out on his own: With his father having left Bath, George Ford will be vice-captain this yearThis season’s launch was held at Twickenham last Thursday and Todd Blackadder , the man charged with launching Bath’s season, was there just a week after being introduced to his players.In that week he had appointed a new captain, in Guy Mercer, a vice-captain in George Ford and worked out that fly-half Ford was the next Dan Carter.He had also had a look around the Rec where the pictures of former internationals adorn the walls in the bar looking down on proceedings like disapproving ancestors and they are the elephants in the room. The New Zealander has been down this road before and not wholly successfully – but he has learned a bit.When Blackadder took over at the Crusaders, in New Zealand, in 2009 ,he inherited a side that had won seven Super Rugby titles and had a more than adequate stack of big name players on the pay-roll and a lot of former players in pictures looking down on him. And that is almost what he faces at Bath.Distinguished: Blackadder enjoyed a hugely successful playing career with the Canterbury CrusadersAt the Crusaders Blackadder, who had won a few titles with the side as a player, coached them to four semi-final defeats and one loss in a final, to the Waratahs in 2014, and he admits the ghosts of the past haunted him.“At Crusaders, it almost became a burden when you talk about the legacy and great names on the wall, especially for young guys coming in,” he says. “All that is great, but it’s about this team creating its own legacy. It’s about this team making its own stamp. Man with a plan: Todd Blackadder has been tasked with reversing Bath’s fortunes “When I look at pictures and think how many of our guys now and how many of this group will have their picture on the wall? It’s great to embrace tradition and legacy – I’m a huge believer in that – but it is about this team expressing themselves and I want these guys to play for this club for the rest of their lives if they carry on performing.”Talent to burn: Anthony Watson has recently signed a long-term deal at The RecAt Bath the past victories are a lot more distant and Blackadder has found a squad who finished last season in disarray and with their confidence shot to pieces. They closed their campaign with three defeats out of five and did not get out of their group in Europe but a look at the squad list shows Blackadder is not exactly embarking on Mission Impossible.Ford, Jonathan Joseph and Anthony Watson all played in England’s summer wins over Australia and Darren Atkins, Zach Mercer and Jack Walker, recently signed from Yorkshire Carnegie, were all in the Under-20 World Cup-winning squad. Chuck in the likes of Francois Louw, Dave Attwood, Matt Banahan, who is playing better than he did when he was an international, and David Wilson and the Bath boys have a few things going for them.World class: Taulupe Faletau will complement a powerful Bath backrowAnd that is without factoring in the other newcomers such as Taulupe Faletau, Luke Charteris and Kahn Fotuali’i and the possibility of Crusaders’ centre Robbie Fruean arriving in the West Country so Blackadder has a bit to work with.Mike Ford had most of that lot to work with last season, and after being runners-up in the Premiership the year before, most supporters were looking at having a real crack at the title but instead of the chaos attack of a year before it was just chaos.There was the Sam Burgess fiasco, Amanaki Mafi had a bust-up with a club medic and Alafoti Fa’osiliva was sacked after being charged with assault.On the pitch was not much better but Ford said just before he left that none of it was the players fault so Blackadder and his head coach Tabai Matson have half a chance. But talk of last season has been banished as everyone starts with a clean slate.Failed experiment: Sam Burgess’ signing rocked the Bath squad’s stabilityBlackadder added: “I know what it is like to experience disappointment and it can actually quite galvanise you. What I have sensed from the players and the club is they really want to be going forward in a new direction. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS “They want some stimulation, they want some belief. There has been no talk of what happened last year which to me is quite refreshing and shows that the future is more important than the past. That is really important when you are surrounded by such legacy but this is a special team because it is the first team we have all been together in – so we are looking at it through that lens.“There’s no point trying to eat the elephant in one mouthful. We’ll chip away and take small bites slowly. Hopefully by the end of it of it we’ll have given ourselves a chance.” If Bath do give themselves a chance, and they should with the squad they have got, the elephants in the room might not be around much longer.
LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Facing the press: England’s senior figures talking to the media last year It’s okay to admit you have plans running beyond the next match. This first appeared in the April 2017 issue of Rugby World. Let me tell you what a coach or captain will say about their chances of winning the whole thing, before every major tournament from now until the sun explodes: “We are only thinking of the next game coming up, mate.”That’s a tradie, you might think. Someone who diligently nails one task, then moves on to another. What is it a lot of players say after an error? “Next job.” That makes total sense, but elite sport can’t function purely on a micro level all the time.This is the era of the ‘super coach’, those who have long-term goals for glory. Eddie Jones keeps repeating that his objective is to make England the world’s No 1 side. That is not something that can happen after the next game. So by definition, his side’s plans run beyond the next match.Now look at the other coaches entrusted with getting players up to speed for the super coach. Are we to honestly believe that these assistants work to mould players for specific opponents, game to game? What an exhausting process that would be. Maybe, though, they actually devise development plans to improve players over time… To check out the latest Rugby World subscription offers, click here.If you have an oft-stated goal that is not attainable in the immediate future, and you have players moving forward with skill improvements over seasons, perhaps it is possible to do it all in a vacuum, convincing those involved that they are on a need-to-know basis and they don’t need to know more than who’s next. However, one thing we learnt from New Zealand banishing demons to win the 2011 World Cup is that Graham Henry and his group made a point of thinking of a long-term goal and then capping players in hodge-podge sides so that they had requisite experience to come in and play if needed, à la Stephen Donald. They developed mnemonic devices and mental ticks to help refocus for the next job, but these were tools to build something bigger than one win.We don’t need forensic detail. Or supreme arrogance. But players and assistants cannot all just be pawns in someone else’s grand plan. Those who do look ahead should express themselves.
Sat 12 OctEngland v FranceInternational Stadium YokohamaKanagawa Prefecture, Yokohama City Sat 5 OctEngland v ArgentinaTokyo StadiumTokyo Metropolitan Thu 26 SeptEngland v USAKobe Misaki StadiumKobe City Tour OptionsOwashi Tour – All four pool matches20 Sept – 14 Oct 2019 From £8,995ppSapporo City – Osaka Prefecture – Kobe City – Kyoto – Kanazawa – Tokyo MetropolitanGeisha Tour – Last three pool matches24 Sept – 14 Oct 2019 From £8,495ppKobe City – Kyoto – Kanazawa – Tokyo Metropolitan LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Related: Nine top tips for travelling Japan with Gullivers Rugby World Cup 2019™ – official supporter packages on sale now!If you’re still desperate to go to Rugby World Cup 2019™ – and having read Rugby World’s incredible guide to Japan that comes free with the November issue of the mag, who wouldn’t?! – we know just the people to talk to…Gullivers Sports Travel has been appointed as an Authorised Sub-Agent for Rugby World Cup 2019™.We all love Rugby World Cup. All the thrills, the rivalries, the upsets, the clash of cultures. In September, October and November 2019, 20 nations will once again compete for rugby’s biggest prize: The Webb Ellis Cup.As it’s in Japan, a place on so many bucket lists, this tournament provides the perfect opportunity to watch the best rugby teams face one another along with exploring a fascinating and beautiful country.Having taken over 50,000 supporters to follow their teams since the very first Rugby World Cup back in 1987, Gullivers can’t wait to see what the tournament has in store! You can book with confidence, safe in the knowledge that you will be looked after by their experienced and dedicated team – something which creates real rugby experiences for real rugby people.Drawn in pool C, England have landed in one of the most competitive and unpredictable pools in Rugby World Cup history. Gullivers’ England supporter packages can take you to see England in their pool matches, as well as the two quarter-finals, two semi-finals, bronze final and of course, the final, should they qualify.And that’s just England. Gullivers have a wide array of packages on offer depending on who you support, or if you’re a neutral fan looking to see the ever-exciting knock out stages!Each tour package includes:Guaranteed official Rugby World Cup ticketsAccommodation on a bed and breakfast basisReturn international flights (premium economy and business class upgrades available on request)Domestic travel around JapanCoach transfers to and from the airports, matches, sightseeing and functionsEntry to our exclusive eventsOptional excursions programme to enhance your Japan experienceDedicated Tour ManagerLocal Japanese speaking assistant supportPlus so much more! Just pick who you’re following…So if you follow England here is what you could see.Fixtures DateMatchStadiumLocation Akaibara – Last two pool matches3 – 14 Oct 2019 From £5,495ppTokyo MetropolitanPrestige Tour – Last two pool matches3 Oct – 14 Oct 2019 From £6,695ppTokyo MetropolitanSamurai White Tour – Last two pool matches & the quarter-finals3 Oct – 22 Oct 2019 From £9,995ppTokyo Metropolitan – Kyoto – Fukuoka PrefecturePremier Tour – Last two pool matches & the quarter-finals3 Oct – 22 Oct 2019 From £9,995ppTokyo Metropolitan – Kyoto – Fukuoka PrefectureBushido Red Tour – Quarter-finals, semi-finals, bronze final & the final16 Oct – 6 Nov 2019 From £12,195ppFukuoka Prefecture – Osaka Prefecture – Tokyo Metropolitan – Kyoto – Tokyo MetropolitanPlatinum Tour – Quarter-finals, semi-finals, bronze final & the final16 Oct – 4 Nov 2019 From £12,995ppFukuoka Prefecture – Kyoto – Tokyo MetropolitanTancho Tour – Follow England20 Sept – 6 Nov 2019 From £22,495ppSapporo City – Osaka Prefecture – Kobe City – Kyoto – Kanazawa – Tokyo Metropolitan – Hiroshima – Fukuoka Prefecture – Osaka Prefecture – Tokyo Metropolitan – Kyoto – Tokyo Metropolitan*Please note from prices are based on two sharing and subject to availability at the time of booking. Why book with Gullivers?GULLIVERS ARE AN AUTHORISED SUB-AGENT of Rugby World Cup 2019™, ensuring you are travelling officially and with guaranteed match tickets.GULLIVERS HAVE THE EXPERIENCE, and this will be our eighth Rugby World Cup! We LOVE our rugby.Gullivers will give you a REAL RUGBY TOUR EXPERIENCE – fantastic excursions and exclusive functions are all part of what makes their tours special.GULLIVERS HAVE EXPERIENCE of Japan – we have sent numerous school and club teams to tour Japan, and completed a full reccy of all the Rugby World Cup cities and destinations. Not to mention Their Event Manager speaks Japanese having lived and worked in Japan, so brings excellent experience and knowledge of this beautiful country.GULLIVERS ARE ATOL, IATA AND ABTA BONDED, so you can travel with confidence. They’re also part of the Travelopia Group of companies, the world’s largest specialist travel company – you’re in safe hands!For more information on each package or to book, head to gulliverstravel.co.uk or call 01684 877918. Sun 22 SeptEngland v TongaSapporo DomeSapporo City The Rugby World Cup 2019 logo TM © Rugby World Cup Limited 2015. All rights reserved.
“It took three or four seasons to finally get there, but each season I’d work a little bit harder, learn a little more, work on my game and throughout my career my ambition grew. It got to the point where I got one cap and then it grew from there again.”More caps came thick and fast. He won his second on that aforementioned birthday and overall started 18 of Australia’s 20 Tests until late August 2017, when injury ruled him out for several months.So why did it take nearly a decade to get that elusive Wallabies cap? What does he put his breakthrough down to? Consistency is his response – and to achieve that he has been working with sports psychologist Dave Diggle.“One of my good friends, Marcus Stoinis, plays cricket for Australia and he put me in touch with Dave. He’s worked with rugby players, cricketers, athletes… I’ve worked with him for three or four years and he’s been a huge help.“It’s probably something I needed and trying to perform consistently is really important in sport. The main thing is to try to do things that are replicable. It’s about being able to do them over and over and over again, rather than riding the roller coaster of professional sport.”Haylett-Petty is always looking for ways to improve his game, whether that be a training camp in Arizona or talks with a psychologist. Now he’s at the Rebels in Melbourne, he’s able to gain insight from different codes too, with teams like Storm (league), Victory (football), Demons, Collingwood and Richmond (all Aussie rules) in close proximity.Watch: Haylett-Petty talks through his career here…Right now he’s assessing whether switching off his mind can help him on the pitch by trying to meditate. “We’ll see if that helps me,” he says. “I learnt early on that it’s important to invest in yourself. I’m always trying different things – some have helped tremendously and some have not.”He is also able to share the ups and downs of rugby with his younger brother, Ross, a lock, who made the journey from Perth to Melbourne, Force to Rebels, with him for the 2018 season when the Western Australian franchise was cut from Super Rugby.“It’s pretty special to play with my brother. Not many people get to go to work every day with their brother. We’re lucky to get to experience running out on a rugby field together, playing in Super Rugby and high-level games. I try to help him when I can, giving him too much advice! We lean on each other.”Off the pitch, he hasn’t hit upon what he wants to do when he retires but has been getting experience with Rebels chairman Paul Docherty. Regardless, there’s not much time to think about it at the moment in the midst of the Wallabies’ RWC 2019 campaign. He is enjoying the first World Cup in Asia – one of four continents where he has lived – and says: “The fans are pretty amazing. They all turn out and are so passionate. They’ll wait for hours in hotel lobbies and really get behind us.”Haylett-Petty’s journey in the oval-ball game is certainly somewhat out of the ordinary – and it’s not finished yet. This article originally appeared in the October issue of Rugby World magazine.Follow Rugby World on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Mind the gap: Dane Haylett-Petty attacks against Fiji in Australia’s opening RWC 2019 game (Getty Images) From cricket fan in South Africa to Wallabies regular via stints in France and Japan – it’s been quite a ride to Test rugby for this back-three player LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Dane Haylett-Petty’s unique rugby journeyAs Australia were making their way to the last World Cup final, Dane Haylett-Petty was watching on as a fan – from Arizona. He went over to America to train in the off-season, learning from sportspeople in different fields – Olympians, NFL players, baseballers and the like. He has always been willing to invest in his career and make non-traditional choices – and it’s paid off.His path to Test rugby has been unusual but, ultimately, it’s been successful. That first cap may not have come until a week before his 27th birthday, against England in Brisbane in 2016, but he has been a regular in the Wallabies squad ever since.That international career would never have happened, though, if his family hadn’t moved from South Africa to Perth when he was ten.“I think my parents moved for a better lifestyle,” he says. “Crime is something all South Africans have to worry about as they go on with their day-to-day lives.“My parents made sacrifices and probably one of the best things we ever did was to come to Australia. The first couple of years were definitely hard but it’s been amazing for our family – we’re very privileged and it’s provided so much for our family.”Rugby is one of the things the move provided. Growing up in South Africa, rugby was on his radar – after all, he was there to see how the 1995 World Cup united the country – but cricket was his sport. The cricket continued when he started at Hale School in Perth but he also took up rugby and “fell in love with it”.As it transpired, rugby rather than cricket gave him a route into professional sport and he was picked up by Western Force in his last year at school. Yet in three years his number of appearances didn’t reach double figures. In that period, he describes himself as “basically a professional trainer”, so when the opportunity came to join Biarritz he took it.Try time: Dane Haylett-Petty scores for Biarritz in 2012 (Getty Images)Southern hemisphere players tend to head to Europe at the end of their career, not before it’s taken off, but it proved a wise decision for Haylett-Petty.“One of the best things I ever did was go to France early. The amount of rugby you play, the difference in style, in the summer there’s a lot of attacking rugby and in the winter it’s more of a grind; playing in the French league and the European Cup, it all helped me develop and really rounded out my game.“I loved the passion they had for rugby and the lifestyle over there. As a young guy, a 21-year-old, to play rugby and travel on weekends off, it was amazing.”After three years in France, he decided to return to Australia for another crack with Force, but he did a six-month stint at Toyota Shokki Shuttles in Japan en route. A new culture to experience (he learnt to cook a few Japanese dishes while there) and more places to travel to.“It was totally different to France and was the perfect stop on the way back. Rugby in Japan is very fast and there’s a lot of running in training, so it was the perfect pre-season heading into Super Rugby. Another great experience.”Tight bond: Michael Hooper and Dane Haylett-Petty after the Fiji game (Getty Images)And another stop on Haylett-Petty’s unique journey through rugby. It still took a few more years to reach the dream destination – the Test stage – but it always remained in his sights. “If anything my ambition grew as my career went on. Heading back to Australia, I wanted to play for the Wallabies.
Siya Kolisi and Rassie Erasmus discuss the significance of their incredible victory Springboks win Rugby World Cup powered by the hope of a nationIn a Test match like this, pressure can build until something breaks. But listening to the Springboks immediately after their 32-12 victory over England in the Rugby World Cup final, they believe the added force needed came from “hope.”The image of South Africa’s first black captain holding the Webb Ellis trophy aloft will rightly become an iconic one. Yet such moments come with a tax of other pressures and before the collisions and well before the celebrations, there was the expectations and the worry to deal with.In the aftermath of the victory – based on the kind of pressure that climbs with a set-piece stranglehold and bold defence until you get two breakout tries from wings Makazole Mapimpi and Cheslin Kolbe – Springboks boss Rassie Erasmus talked about the other pressure. The context is that South Africa faced an historic moment, with Siya Kolisi potentially lifting the cup for a nation which is no stranger to tensions. That’s Siyamthanda Kolisi, from the township of Zwide, near Port Elizabeth. For South Africa, a nation battling economic crisis, corruption, unemployment at 29%; a nation yearning for a collective win.After the match Kolisi said of his upbringing: “Growing up, I never dreamed of a day like this at all. When I was a kid all I was thinking about was getting my next meal.”Related: Siya Kolisi’s journey from township to Test starIt’s no wonder that before the game, 2007 World Cup-winning Bok leader John Smit told the BBC: “If Siya touches that trophy on Saturday… I tell you, it will be a far greater moment than 1995 (when Nelson Mandela handed the trophy to Francois Pienaar) . Far greater. It would change the trajectory of our country.”Scoring touch: Makazole Mapimpi scores yet again (Getty Images)That is a potentially performance-altering level of responsibility to think about in a build up. So how, Erasmus was asked after the game, do you keep a lid on things when something so special could be coming down the pipe? Easier said than done, but, it turns out, they wanted to face things head on.“Overall we started talking about ‘what is pressure?’” Erasmus began. “In South Africa pressure is not having a job. Pressure is one of your close relatives being murdered. In South Africa there is a lot of problems with this pressure.“We started talking about things like that. Rugby shouldn’t be something that creates pressure on you. Rugby should be something that creates hope.“We started talking about how we’ve got a privilege of giving people hope – not a burden of giving people hope. But hope is not talking about hope and saying you’ve got hope and tweeting a beautiful tweet, and things like that. Hope is when you play well and people watch the game on a Saturday and have a nice braai (a BBQ) and watch the game and chew food afterwards.” Keep track of events in Japan via our Rugby World Cup homepage.Don’t forget to follow Rugby World on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. The groundwork for this win was laid in the first half, with a stifling South African display. England captain Owen Farrell admitted that the half was disappointing for the English. Tendai ‘Beast’ Mtawarira rolled back the years, giving Dan Cole – an early replacement for Kyle Sinckler – night-terrors. But the whole pack (and their legion replacements) went hard and the team defence was just as unpleasant to face for England.Related: South Africa become No 1 in World RankingsThe English toiled in the face of it for the first 40, putting in supreme effort for undesirable results. What they saw was different from what the Boks had let us observe for most of the knockout stages. After kicking the rubber soul out of the ball against Wales and telling the world they would do the same again here, there was more movement and offloading. And a healthy dose of muscle.Struggling to break through: Hard working England try to attack (Getty Images)Handre Pollard and Farrell traded penalties, but the moment it started leaking away from England came at 66 minutes, with a Mapimpi try. That was the ‘snap’. England chased a clearance kick wonderfully, but the ball was worked to Mapimpi, who chipped over the top, with Lukhanyo Am collecting a passing it back to Mapimpi to score. It was a sublime effort.Then, when Kolbe got the ball on the touchline, he send Farrell spinning from a nearly-there tackle and raced to the line, with Billy Vunipola too far away to get near him. It was comprehensive by the end.Hope aside, Erasmus also talked about the plan that went into getting to this point, the search for consistency over the last two seasons and the circling of games on the calendar that would serve as tester Tests to show how they were progressing – a win against New Zealand in Wellington in 2018 being a prime example.And yet… We know why we focus on the iconic moments.Erasmus continued of what performances like this mean for the country: “No matter your political differences or your religious differences or whatever, for those 80 minutes you agree where on a lot of things you normally disagree, and you start believing in that. That’s not our responsibility, that’s our privilege.Togetherness: The Springboks come together (Getty Images)“The moment you see it in that way it becomes hell of a privilege and you start working towards that. I think that is the way we tackled this whole World Cup campaign.”Erasmus explained that he also spoke to Kolisi before the jersey presentation for the game, about the emotional tightrope the skipper had to walk. Kolisi’s story is well known, but hearing it over and over again means it can lose meaning, the coach believes. Yet, he said, pointing at the trophy: “When you sit down and think about it, there was a stage when Siya didn’t have food to eat and, yes, that is the captain and he led South Africa to hold this cup and that is what Siya is.”As for respect going the other way, Kolisi said of Erasmus’s impact that his searing honesty and open dialogue was refreshing – calling people out or praising them in a group, together, so everyone knew what was expected of them and the person next to them. He went on: “He (Erasmus) told us it has to change, the Springboks are more important than our personal goals. People lost salary to come and see us play. It changed our mindset, we cut off social media and we put heart and soul on the field. He is always honest with us. You always knew where you stood – we are really grateful.”As the clip of that trophy getting lifted is played time and again over the years, fewer and fewer will remember what actually happened in the game. Both types of pressure will be forgotten. It is the moment that will be digitally preserved. And when replayed it should continue to feel significant.That’s the hope. Of course, us outsiders can oversimplify or draw a cartoon of such things. And we can all ignore the rugby. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Unified: Siya Kolisi and Rassie Erasmus celebrate together (Getty Images)
Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Associate Rector Columbus, GA AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis [Episcopal News Service] U.K. government plans to enable same-sex couples to have a civil marriage have come under attack by the Church of England, which says that “such a move would alter the intrinsic nature of marriage as the union of a man and a woman.”The church’s comments were made in a submission to a government consultation on same-sex marriage, which was launched in March and closes on June 14.The consultation said that it plans to “enable all couples, regardless of their gender, to have a civil marriage ceremony.” The government has acknowledged that it intends to introduce same-sex civil marriage by the next general election in 2015.Civil partnerships were legalized in the United Kingdom by the Civil Partnership Act of 2004, which became law in December 2005. The Church of England currently makes no provisions for civil partnership ceremonies in its churches, although some clergy are believed to perform same-sex blessings at their discretion.The government intends to retain the option of civil partnerships for same-sex couples, including the ability to have a civil partnership registered on religious premises, but it says it would make no changes to religious marriages. “This will continue to only be legally possible between a man and a woman,” its report states.The church’s submission, which is unsigned but reportedly drafted by members of the House of Bishops and other senior figures in the Church of England, states that marriage “benefits society in many ways, not only by promoting mutuality and fidelity, but also by acknowledging an underlying biological complementarity which includes, for many, the possibility of procreation. The law should not seek to define away the underlying, objective, distinctiveness of men and women.”The Church of England’s marriage liturgy notes: “Marriage is intended by God to be a creative relationship, as his blessing enables husband and wife to love and support each other in good times and in bad, and to share in the care and upbringing of children.”The church’s submission criticizes the government for implying that there are two categories of marriage – civil and religious. “This is to mistake the wedding ceremony for the institution of marriage,” the submission says. “Changing the state’s understanding of marriage will, therefore, change the way marriage is defined for everybody and, despite the government’s assurances to the contrary, will change the nature of marriages solemnized in churches and other places of worship.”The Rev. Colin Coward, director of LGBT advocacy group Changing Attitude, issued a statement June 12 saying that the church’s submission was a “disaster” and that it had been drafted “without consulting those most affected by the proposal – lesbian and gay members of the Church of England.”“The Church of England’s statement and response have achieved headlines which send a message to the nation that Christians are prejudiced against lesbian and gay people and have set out to block moves to equality in marriage and justice for lesbian and gay couples,” he added. “It is a disaster for the mission and evangelism of the church.”Archbishop of York John Sentamu, the Church of England’s second-most-senior cleric, has been outspoken in opposing the government’s plans.In an interview with The Telegraph newspaper earlier this year, he said: “Marriage is a relationship between a man and a woman. I don’t think it is the role of the state to define what marriage is. It is set in tradition and history and you can’t just [change it] overnight, no matter how powerful you are.“We’ve seen dictators do it in different contexts and I don’t want to redefine very clear social structures that have been in existence for a long time and then overnight the state believes it could go in a particular way.”Roman Catholic bishops in England and Wales also responded to the consultation urging the government not to proceed with the proposals “in the interest of upholding the uniqueness of marriage as a civil institution for the common good of society.”The Methodist Church of Great Britain also has opposed the government’s proposals.Among the religious groups that have supported same-sex marriage are Quakers in Britain, Unitarians and Liberal Judaism.The government has assured religious institutions that they would not be compelled to perform same-sex ceremonies on their premises.But the Church of England states that several major elements of the government’s proposals have not been thought through properly and are not legally sound.“Ministerial assurances that the freedom of the churches and other religious organizations would be safeguarded are, though genuine, of limited value given that once the law was changed the key decisions would be for the domestic and European courts,” the submission states, adding that the consultation exercise is “flawed, conceptually and legally.”Coward argues that many lesbian and gay Anglicans want equal marriage, religious as well as secular, in church “because for us marriage is a spiritual as well as a legal institution which strengthens and enriches both the couple and society.“There is no evidence to support the Anglican hierarchy’s claim that to change the nature of marriage to include same-sex couples will be divisive. The recognition of long-term same-sex relationships has no impact on the institution of marriage for heterosexuals.”About a quarter of weddings in England take place in Church of England churches. According to the church’s website, marriages in the Church of England increased by four percent in 2010 to 54,700. Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME The Reverend Canon Susan Russell says: Submit a Press Release Same-Sex Marriage The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Julian Malakar says: Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ By ENS staffPosted Jun 12, 2012 June 12, 2012 at 9:11 pm Now that our supposedly learned and liberal ArchBishop of Canterbury (first among ‘equals’) is leaving I was hoping the C of E would come to its senses. Especially since it has not agreed to sign the Anglican Covenant in its current draft. But, alas white male heterosexist patriarchy dominates not only the Anglican Communion but other parts of the communion. ‘Fight the Power’ and realize scripture evolves in its understanding and context. Ughhh. I will continue to sing in the choir and challenge the sunday school to see the history of the Church and its inherent biases since the Apostles. Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Human Sexuality, June 12, 2012 at 7:27 pm The CoE’s and other churches’ position on same sex marriage is, as we say in New York City “BULL”. It may even be Papal !!! Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Featured Events Rector Smithfield, NC TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Tags Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Youth Minister Lorton, VA June 12, 2012 at 11:03 pm Thanks God for opening eyes of Bishops finally in defending original true meaning of marriage between one man and one woman that carries from generation to generation. Denying traditional meaning is equal to denying history. Concept of sexual orientation is modern day invention, therefore it demands a new term for union of same sex. There is no superior or inferior of the word. It is win-win situation. Supporting traditional meaning of marriage does not mean, opposing equal rights of civil partnership of same sex, bigotry, hatred, etc. etc. World recognizes gay man and lesbian woman are different from straight man and woman, why should there not be a different term that expresses long term relationship between same sex? Forceful imposition of state law against faith of believers, violets principle of separation of state and church. John David Spangler says: Marylin Day says: June 12, 2012 at 7:37 pm Please come quickly Christ our Lord!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! To even have to debate on an “abomination” in the church is ridiculous. READ scripture and DON’T twist it to mean something it is not. But the “BIBLE” means nothing to those who don’t believe in” ABSOLUTE” truth anyway, even those who are so-called “educated”. I have friends who live an alternative lifestyle and most know that it’s wrong according to scripture and they do it anyway, and I love them anyway, just like Christ. I know what scripture says, and I try my best to follow it, if there is a problem it’s between those who support and live that lifestyle and Christ. Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Director of Music Morristown, NJ Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Michael Neal says: Rector Collierville, TN June 13, 2012 at 3:58 pm The only thing that is going to interfere with the “intrinsic state of marriage as a union between a man and a woman” is the man and the woman. They are the worst offenders with their extra curricular activities and living together before taking their vows, not to mention bringing children into the world. A relationship of commitment between two people does not require sexual orientation but, rather, it is a commitment of love, trust, friendship, devotion and fidelity. Sound familiar? If God brings two people together to share their lives and grow old together, so be it. Civil marriages, by the way, also apply to a man and a woman. Since marriage is a God given entity and if He is not invited to share in the ceremony then all you have is a civil union, whether heterosexual or homosexual. The church should bless the union and be done with it, with proper counselling of course . June 13, 2012 at 9:24 am I’m so tired of these accusations around “inclusive” and “exclusive.” My experience in higher education and Church have and continue to show me that those who yell “inclusive” the loudest tend to be the most exclusive – they allow for no other opinion than their own. It is an affront to the notion of “all welcome at the table,” because all are not welcome unless those others capitulate to the already determined conditions made by those who yell “inclusive/inclusion” the loudest.There are legitimate reasons held by some who wish to retain a man-woman definition for “marriage” that have nothing to do with an attempt to exclude anyone. I say this even though I favor same-sex marriage. If we want real “inclusion” (particularly as it might be defined by Jesus and not secular dogma), then we need to quite throwing dispersions at people who disagree with our opinions – and quit being so insecure within ourselves that this kind of childish and short-sighted response is all we get. We cannot have civil conversations that might actually change hearts and minds with those whose opinions differ from our own if this is how we respond. Curate Diocese of Nebraska Submit an Event Listing Church of England criticizes government plans for same-sex marriage Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Judith Wood says: Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Press Release Service Comments are closed. Comments (12) Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector Martinsville, VA June 13, 2012 at 6:45 am All the more reason for not adopting the Anglican Covenant! Bob Griffith says: Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY June 12, 2012 at 6:07 pm It is sad to see bigotry against homosexuals robed in religious prevarications as done by the Church of England in its submission on same-sex marriage. We have only to think of the abuse of homosexual people over the centuries and most especially during the Holocaust to understand that the time has arrived to end this campaign of discrimination, torture, and murder now. For the Church of England to inform the Civil Authority that it cannot adjust the civil law in favor of integrating the “least of these” into our society for trumped-up religious reasons is humiliating and wrong. I hope the Bishops in their wisdom will see fit to repent of their bad witness to the faith we share and rethink their submission. In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Rector Pittsburgh, PA Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC June 13, 2012 at 10:38 am It is not the “position” of the bishops with respect to marriage that bothers me. Everyone has his or her opinion on the subject that is unlikely to change. It’s the rationalization, the justification for the belief, which reveals the increasing narcissism found in the church at large. There is no way that any human law, any human oppression, any human-declared justification will ever change anything that is “intrinsic.” The glaring lack of understanding for the human psyche and the overstatement of one human’s ability to state the value of another in God’s eyes is not only frightening, but flies in the face of the “inherent” uniqueness of every human’s relationship with God. Enough pontification about your authority over the authenticity or “rightness” of another’s relationship! If you hate same-sex marriage, don’t marry someone of the same gender and leave others alone. Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Rector Shreveport, LA Rector Knoxville, TN Rector Albany, NY Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Featured Jobs & Calls Rector Washington, DC June 12, 2012 at 6:46 pm There seems to be some distress within the Church of England about this “submission.” It is unclear who is responsible for it — apparently not the House of Bishops or the General Synod — and what authority it has. There is considerable dissent about it in the Church of England — see, for example,http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/belief/2012/jun/12/church-of-england-gay-marriageandhttp://www.thinkinganglicans.org.uk/archives/005533.html#commentsIt remains to be seen how all this will develop. Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Tod Roulette says: Rector Bath, NC Rector Belleville, IL Vally Sharpe says: Anglican Communion, Rector Hopkinsville, KY Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL June 12, 2012 at 9:07 pm Why does the C of E want to continue to be an “exclusive” church which does not allow all members the same benefits? Please join us in the 21st century! Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Fred Horton says: The Rev. Canon Richard P. McDonnell, D.Min. says: An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI John Speller says: June 12, 2012 at 6:50 pm Three quick takes on a Busy Tuesday:1- By this argument, same-sex couples change the nature of marriage the same way the ordination of women change the nature of priesthood.2 – You’ve got to love an “unsigned report” which was “reportedly drafted by senior officials” speaking for the Whole Church. Thank God for the Tea in the Boston Harbor!3 – Three cheers for the First Amendment. Submit a Job Listing Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Rector Tampa, FL
Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Rector Belleville, IL Rector Tampa, FL Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Featured Events Rector Collierville, TN Director of Music Morristown, NJ Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Rector Shreveport, LA Submit a Press Release Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Tags An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud: Crossing continents and cultures with the most beautiful instrument you’ve never heard Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Rector Pittsburgh, PA Alyson Barnett-Cowan to lead Canadian ecumenical body Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Press Release Service Curate Diocese of Nebraska Associate Rector Columbus, GA Cathedral Dean Boise, ID TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Rector Albany, NY Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC People Anglican Communion, In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Submit an Event Listing Rector Knoxville, TN Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Submit a Job Listing Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Ecumenical & Interreligious, New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector Bath, NC The Rev. Canon Alyson Barnett-Cowan (right) with her CCC predecessor Lt. Col. Champ. Photo: Bruce Myers[Anglican Communion News Service] A new chapter of the Rev. Canon Alyson Barnett-Cowan’s lifelong ecumenical engagement has begun with her installation as the new president of the Canadian Council of Churches (CCC) on May 14.The current interim secretary general of the Anglican Communion and its former director for Unity, Faith and Order, she was unanimously elected to a three-year term as CCC president by the council’s governing board. She succeeds Lt. Col. Jim Champ of the Salvation Army.A priest of the Anglican Church of Canada, for which she served several years as ecumenical officer, Barnett-Cowan had previously served a term as one of CCC’s vice presidents. She brings with her a wealth of ecumenical experience, having been engaged with various inter-church dialogues and councils of churches at the local, regional, and international level.“I am delighted and honored to have been chosen for this important voluntary position. It is wonderful to be able to put the experience I’ve gained working for the ecumenical life of the Anglican Communion to use in the service of the Canadian churches,” Barnett-Cowan said of her appointment.“The CCC is one of the broadest ecumenical bodies in the world, and has much to offer to the Canadian landscape at this time,” she added.The Canadian Council of Churches is the largest ecumenical body in Canada, representing 25 churches of Anglican, Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, Protestant, and Roman Catholic traditions.Barnett-Cowan will conclude her short-term appointment as the Anglican Communion’s Interim Secretary General in June. Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Rector Smithfield, NC An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector Hopkinsville, KY Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Featured Jobs & Calls Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Youth Minister Lorton, VA Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK By ACNS staffPosted May 20, 2015 Rector Washington, DC Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Rector Martinsville, VA
Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT By Lynette WilsonPosted Nov 16, 2018 New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Rector Knoxville, TN Rector Collierville, TN Rector Albany, NY Latin America, Curate Diocese of Nebraska Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Rector Bath, NC Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector Martinsville, VA Press Release Service Submit a Press Release Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ NGO with Episcopal ties addresses forced displacement in Central America Understanding the caravans, forced displacement in context A family of four joins a caravan as it leaves Plaza Salvador del Mundo in San Salvador on Oct. 31, 2018. Photo: Lynette Wilson/Episcopal News Service[Episcopal News Service – San Salvador, El Salvador] Families with small children, single mothers and their babies, young men and women, adolescents, the elderly, they all gathered here on a late October morning at the Plaza Salvador del Mundo to form a caravan and begin the long walk north through El Salvador, across Guatemala and Mexico, and for some, eventually to the U.S. border.The Episcopal Church’s Washington, D.C.-based Office of Government Relations compiled “A Faithful Response to the Caravan: Five Things to Know.”It was the second of three caravans to depart that day from the plaza, where a statue features Jesus Christ, savior of the world, standing atop planet Earth. Some 250 people – many carrying just backpacks and bottled water, some lugging large suitcases that would prove hard to maneuver within blocks of the trek – left in the second caravan; others would join them along the way for the 2,600-plus-mile journey. The caravans leaving El Salvador followed one that departed Honduras earlier in the month.Carla, 29, and her 4-year-old son, Anderson Roberto, were among the second Salvadoran caravan to leave that day. Carla volunteered her last name, but in interest of safety it’s withheld. A mother of three, she left her 8- and 2-year-old daughters behind with her father; it would be too difficult to travel with three children, she said. She wants to give her son a better life, and to get a job to provide for her family. It was a decision Carla said she has contemplated for five years. As she spoke, Anderson Roberto cried and held tight to her leg.Carla, 29, and her son Anderson Roberto, 4, were among the 250-some people leaving San Salvador in a caravan on Oct. 31, 2018. Photo: Lynette Wilson/Episcopal News ServiceAcross Central America’s Northern Triangle, a region that includes El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, more than 700,000 people have been forcibly displaced by violence. Forced displacement – whether or not it is recognized – has become a political issue regionally and in the United States, where President Donald Trump has called economic migrants and asylum seekers an “assault on our country,” and his administration has deployed 8,000 troops to the border. The president has vowed to deny asylum claims of migrants who attempt to enter the United States illegally, meaning not through a designated point-of-entry.Already, they’re arriving at the border Hundreds of Central American migrants arrived in Tijuana, Mexico, on Nov. 14, and more followed on Nov. 15, as city officials scrambled to offer shelter in what could be an extended stay.The Episcopal Diocese of the Rio Grande is sponsoring a Border Ministries Summit in El Paso, Texas, Nov. 16-18. Episcopal News Service will provide coverage.“These are not delinquents,” said Celia Medrano, regional program director for Cristosal, a San Salvador-based nongovernment organization with Episcopal ties that receives support from the church. Medrano monitored the caravans’ movement through El Salvador via a WhatsApp group. “They are not bad people; they are people looking for work and fleeing violence.”Such was the case with Jose Antonio, 34, who two years ago lost his job at a supermarket where he’d worked for 15 years. Jose Antonio, who declined to give his last name, was with his wife, Daisy, 34, and their two children, Maria, 11, who wore a “Frozen” cap – Disney merchandise from the popular film – and Uriel, 4, who wore a “Cars” cap.The family had been living with Daisy’s parents in Mejicanos, El Salvador, where a ditch controlled by gang members ran behind the house. For this journey, the family carried enough food for two days, planned to ask for help in Mexico and, perhaps, eventually would join relatives in Los Angeles.Migrants have been traveling in caravans since the 1990s; the one that left Honduras in early October is one of the biggest in history. The current caravans’ size and visibility break with the paradigm of clandestine border crossings sometimes aided by human smugglers.“The caravans represent a change in that pattern,” said Noah Bullock, executive director of Cristosal and an Episcopal Church-appointed missionary.Recent data shows that many people lack the social and familial networks and the resources to displace internally, and therefore, see caravans as a viable option, Bullock said.“What’s changed about immigration is it’s no longer a lone Mexican crossing the border to find a job. It’s Central American children and families showing up at the border applying for asylum or trying to find protection, that’s what’s changed about it,” he said. “So even with these caravans, you still don’t have an increase in numbers that even moves the net immigration. Immigration isn’t at a 10-year high, it’s at a low. And when you compare that to movements of migrants elsewhere in the world, it’s still really small, so you have a problem in these three countries that’s grave. It needs a solution and it’s totally manageable, if you decide to manage it.”Cristosal’s Episcopal ties, supportCristosal began in 2000 as a partnership between Episcopal clergy in the United States and El Salvador. It later became an independent nongovernmental organization with a $2 million budget that has grown from three employees in 2010 to more than 60 in three countries thanks to a U.S. International Aid and Development grant, though it still maintains close ties to the Episcopal Church. Episcopalians donate $350,000 to the organization’s annual budget.Cristosal has offices in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. The USAID grant was awarded to increase knowledge about forced displacement caused by violence and to support the development of models to address it, as well as to establish a regional mechanism for tracking and monitoring forced displacement in the Northern Triangle, building capacity in the three Northern Triangle countries for the creation of national protection systems specific to internal displacement, and piloting regional solutions that will improve community-based protection for displaced people.Many young men and women, families and elderly persons joined the caravan that departed San Salvador on Oct. 31, 2018. It was the second of three caravans to leave for the north that day. Photo: Lynette Wilson/Episcopal News Service“What we are so uncomfortable with is the idea that Central Americans are making rational decisions, that families might be assessing their situation at home as so grave that doing crazy things like sending their children unaccompanied or walking to the United States or whatever it would be, is actually a really rational decision,” said Bullock.Government leaders and officials don’t want to acknowledge that migrants are making a rational decision, Bullock said, because to do so “would raise responsibilities of the state to protect people, to protect human rights; it challenges the traditional immigration narrative that is largely [portrayed as] people coming for jobs and not people fleeing some of the most violent countries in the world.”For instance, he said, Iraq has a homicide rate of 15 per 100,000, while in El Salvador, even after a reduction in the homicide rate, it is still 60 per 100,000. Since 2014, 7,000 children have died in El Salvador.“You are much more likely as a Central American and as a poor Central American to die a violent death than you are living in war zones in other parts of the world, yet it’s more convenient when immigration is drop by drop and clandestine. And now that it’s visible, it should be seen as protest,” he said. “The people are protesting – protesting that their national countries don’t provide options for protection and freedom from fear … and protest[ing] that, when they cross an international border, they find no place on planet Earth where they can pursue legitimate ends in life.”A global phenomenonForced displacement is an international phenomenon affecting a record 68.5 million people worldwide, a population larger than that of the United Kingdom.In El Salvador alone, an estimated 296,000 people are internally displaced, meaning they’ve been forced to flee their homes but have not yet crossed a border, whereas in Honduras, a conservative estimate puts the number at 190,000. In Guatemala, the number exceeds 242,000.Of the three Northern Triangle countries, only Honduras has recognized the existence of forced displacement, establishing a national commission to study and document cases. That’s about to change, however. In July, as a result of Cristosal’s work, El Salvador’s Supreme Court gave the government six months to officially recognize forced displacement by violence in the country, design special legislation and policies for the protection and assistance of victims, and make victims of displacement a priority in the national budget.“It’s the government’s responsibility to protect its citizens. It’s a security issue,” said Elizabeth Ferris, during an Oct. 29 talk at the University of Central America. “There’s a short-term need to address migrants’ needs, and in the long term, a reduction in violence and to recover territory.”Ferris, a research professor at Georgetown University’s Institute for the Study of International Migration and a former director of the Church World Service Immigration and Refugee Program, was in El Salvador to provide technical expertise to advance the legislation. Forty countries recognize forced displacement, but only 11 or 12 have strategies to address it, said Ferris.As early as 2013, individuals and families began showing up at Cristosal’s office seeking assistance, some of them referred by the U.S. Embassy because at the time the Anglican-Episcopal Church of El Salvador resettled refugees through Cristosal’s office.“It even took a long time for us to learn the language around displacement. First, it was people affected by extortion and gang violence, and there are some who are refugees, and then we learned about internal displacement,” said Bullock.And then in 2014, 69,000 unaccompanied minors, mothers and children arrived at the U.S. border, bringing attention to the high number of people forcibly displaced by violence in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. The number on the Southwest border dropped to 59,692 in 2016 and to 41,435 in 2017, according to U.S. Customs and Border Protection.“Before the child migrant crisis in 2014, there was no context to advocate or even talk about displacement by violence in Central America, and so when the child migrant crisis happened, there was a lot of pressure on the U.S. government to come to the region and find out what could be done,” Bullock said. “That was the first time that violence was linked to migration in a really visible way for the U.S. public.”By then, Cristosal had two to three years’ practical experience dealing with forced displacement by violence. USAID recognized its work and encouraged Cristosal to expand its presence and develop an adaptive response beyond El Salvador and into Honduras and Guatemala.Still, it was the support of Episcopal churches and individual Episcopalians that allowed Cristosal to become one of the foremost organizations addressing forced displacement in the Northern Triangle.“The important thing for Episcopalians to know is that Cristosal’s ability to work on an issue that nobody wanted, before anybody else was willing to fund it, was wholly supported by Episcopalians who believed in us,” said Bullock. “That support allowed us to become a regional leader in developing a response, and that’s something we never want to lose. Our Episcopal support base allows us to be independent and take risks and develop response and then move donors to our issues as we scale. That’s what worked for us. And, so we want to keep doing that.”2014 also marked the 30th anniversary of the Cartagena Declaration, which amended the 1951 refugee convention and the 1967 protocol definition of what it means to be a refugee: “persons who have fled their country because their lives, safety or freedom have been threatened by generalized violence, foreign aggression, internal conflicts, massive violation of human rights or other circumstances which have seriously disturbed public order.”The Obama administration responded to the unaccompanied minor crisis by increasing security at the border, detention and interdiction by Mexico of minors and families seeking refuge in the United States. Trump made curbing immigration a centerpiece of his election campaign. Then, in the first eight months of 2018, Customs and Border Control agents detained more than 252,000 people – 32,371 unaccompanied minors and 59,113 families at the Southwest border – and the administration began separating families. The family separation policy coincided with the first caravan’s arrival when, of the several hundred members who requested protection, 95 percent were found to have a credible fear of persecution and were referred for a full hearing in the immigration courts, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.On Oct. 22, Trump threatened to cut aid to Central America if countries did not act to stop the flow of migrants.In advance of the Nov. 6 midterm elections, Trump used the caravans as a scare tactic, and his political team produced an ad portraying immigrants as a violent threat. U.S. TV and social networks pulled the ad and denounced it as racist. Reductions by Trump’s White House to the nation’s refugee resettlement program show an interest in limiting more than just illegal immigration.The United States was a worldwide leader in refugee resettlement just two years ago, when more than 80,000 refugees were welcomed into the country with help from the nine agencies with federal contracts to do that work, including Episcopal Migration Ministries. That number has dwindled under the Trump administration, which announced Sept. 17 it would reduce resettlement further, to no more than 30,000 a year.The United States Refugee Act of 1980 guarantees a person’s right to ask for asylum. And it was a civil war and a refugee crisis that have contributed to the current violence in El Salvador.“When Salvadoran refugees left in the 1980s, three percent were recognized as refugees, forcing Salvadorans who came to the United States to marginal parts of our cities, where they became gang members and then were deported back to their countries of origin, which gives us the basis of the current violence that is driving people out,” said Bullock.The region has a strategic interest in promoting safety and security in Central America, “because un-stabilized, unprotected people destabilize,” said Bullock.Civil conflict and ‘transitional justice’From 1980 to 1992, El Salvador suffered a brutal civil war fought between its U.S.-backed, military led-government and a coalition of guerrilla groups, organized as the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, or FMLN. The war was fueled mostly by the gross inequalities that existed between a small group of wealthy elites who controlled the government and the economy and the majority of the population, which lived in extreme poverty.The 1992 Peace Accords’ negotiations included the formation of a truth commission to investigate human rights violations that occurred during the civil war. However, a 1993 amnesty law made it impossible to prosecute war crimes and reform the justice system and police and military forces, leading to weak democratic institutions and persistent impunity and discrimination against victims. People who had political and economic power maintained it after the war ended.In 2012, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights declared that the amnesty law could not protect those responsible for the massacre at El Mozote, where government soldiers killed some 800 people, half of them children, in December 1981.In post-war El Salvador, grassroots human rights and social justice organizations have played a key role in protecting the historical memory and bringing these cases out of the shadows of history. In 2016, Cristosal began using strategic litigation to get justice for victims and end the long-standing culture of impunity and is working on both the El Mozote and the 1982 El Calabozo massacres.“Strategic litigation,” explained David Morales, Cristosal’s director of strategic litigation and El Salvador’s former human rights ombudsman, is a way of providing “transitional justice,” which is a political and social process aimed at applying justice and addressing grave human rights abuses and holding perpetrators of violence accountable.“Cristosal focuses its legal actions on cases that will have a lot of impact,” said Morales. “Impunity today is linked to impunity in the past … decades of dictatorships, systematic human rights abuses. The state never created a support system for victims.”– Lynette Wilson is a reporter and managing editor of Episcopal News Service. 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